Section: Documents on Democracy

October 2020, Volume 31, Issue 4

Documents on Democracy

Text of “A Call to Defend Democracy,” initiated by International IDEA and the National Endowment for Democracy; televised statement by Belarusian opposition leader Sviatlana Tsikhanouskaya; open letter on the imprisonment of Turkish civil society leader Osman Kavala.

July 2020, Volume 31, Issue 3

Documents on Democracy

Remarks on China from Deputy U.S. National Security Advisor Matt Pottinger; joint statement by David Kaye, Harlem Désir, and Edison Lanza on protecting the free flow of information during the covid-19 pandemic; open letter by Indian academic and Dalit-rights activist Anand Teltumbde; reflections from Joshua Wong on the future of Hong Kong’s prodemocracy movement

April 2020, Volume 31, Issue 2

Documents on Democracy

Excerpts from: an open letter on the death of Wuhan doctor Li Wenliang; a speech by Taiwanese president Tsai Ing-Wen; a pact by the mayors of Budapest, Bratislava, Prague, and Warsaw.

January 2020, Volume 31, Issue 1

Documents on Democracy

Excerpts from: a statement by a group of NGOs on China; a speech by former prime minister of Moldova Maia Sandu; a speech by Ethiopian prime minister Abiy Ahmed; an open letter calling for free and fair elections in Russia.

October 2019, Volume 30, Issue 4

Documents on Democracy

Excerpts from: a statement by the Sudanese Forces for Freedom and Change; a speech by Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelensky; a speech by journalist Maria Ressa; a speech by Hong Kong democracy activist and musician Denise Ho; a speech by Cyril Ramaphosa, president of South Africa; a statement by Konstantin Kotov.

July 2019, Volume 30, Issue 3

Documents on Democracy

Excerpts from: a speech by Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelensky; a speech by Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi; a speech by Félix Tshisekedi, president of the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC); a statement by Reverend Chu Yiu-ming; and a speech by Jens Stoltenberg, secretary-general of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO).

April 2019, Volume 30, Issue 2

Documents on Democracy

Excerpts from: a speech by Armenian Prime Minister Nikol Pashinian; a letter by Bernard-Henri Lévy, Milan Kundera, Salman Rushdie, Elfriede Jelinek, and Orhan Pamuk; tributes to Lyudmila Alexeyeva; and the Parliamentary Call for Global Democratic Renewal.

January 2019, Volume 30, Issue 1

Documents on Democracy

Excerpts from: the G7 Charlevoix Commitment on Defending Democracy from Foreign Threats; victory speech by Brazilian president Jair Bolsonaro; inaugural address by Mexican president Andrés Manuel López Obrador; inaugural address by Maldivian president Ibrahim Mohamed Solih; remarks by Angolan journalist Rafael Marques; and address by former U.S. Secretary of State Madeleine Albright commemorating the 100th anniversary of the Washington Declaration.

October 2018, Volume 29, Issue 4

Documents on Democracy

Report on Nicaragua by the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR); inaugural address of Ethiopia's new prime minister Abiy Ahmed; remarks by Peruvian president Martín Vizcarra at the Eighth Summit of the Americas; inaugural address of Colombian president Iván Duque 

July 2018, Volume 29, Issue 3

Documents on Democracy

Courage Tribute acceptance speeches from the World Movement for Democracy’s Ninth Assembly in Dakar, Senegal; Organization of American States (OAS) statement on Cuba’s presidential succession; French president Emmanual Macron’s address before the European Parliament; report by the Foreign Affairs Committee of the U.K. Parliament on Russian money laundering

April 2018, Volume 29, Issue 2

Documents on Democracy

Inaugural address by Liberian president George Weah; open letter by Iranian activists and intellectuals; testimony by China analyst Clive Hamilton before the Australian Parliament's Joint Committee on Intelligence and Security. 

January 2018, Volume 29, Issue 1

Documents on Democracy

International Forum for Democratic Studies report on "Sharp Power: Rising Authoritarian Influence"; Emmerson Mnangagwa's inaugural address as interim president of Zimbabwe; letter from Zimbabwean civil society organizations; address by U.K. prime minister Theresa May; statement by former Soviet political prisoners and dissidents. 

October 2017, Volume 28, Issue 4

Documents on Democracy

Excerpts from an open letter calling for the release of democracy activists in Hong Kong; excerpts from the inaugural address of new South Korean president Moon Jae In.

July 2017, Volume 28, Issue 3

Documents on Democracy

Prague Appeal for Democratic Renewal; excerpts from the inaugural address of French president Emmanuel Macron; excerpted remarks by Chilean politician and political scientist Sergio Bitar, recipient of the inaugural  Guillermo O’Donnell Democracy Award and Lecture-ship. 

April 2017, Volume 28, Issue 2

Documents on Democracy

Excerpts from: U.S. president Donald J. Trump’s inaugural address; remarks by U.S. vice-president Mike Pence and U.S. senator John McCain at the Munich Security Conference; speeches by Colombian president Juan Manuel Santos, Romanian president Klaus Iohannis, and the Gambia’s new president Adama Barrow; and NED president Carl Gershman’s remarks before the Lithuanian parliament. 

January 2017, Volume 28, Issue 1

Documents on Democracy

Prime Minister Theresa May on the U.K. vote to leave the European Union; former U.S. secretary of state Madeleine Albright on Václav Havel; joint statement by U.S. representatives Peter J. Roskam (R-Ill.) and David Price (D-N.C.) on the threat of corruption.

October 2016, Volume 27, Issue 4

Documents on Democracy

Inauguration speech by Peruvian president Pedro Pablo Kuczynski; Ennahda party president Rachid Ghannouchi on religion and state in Tunisia; inaugural award ceremony of the Darnal Award for Social Justice; Philippine president Rodrigo Duterte's inaugural address; Philippine senator Leila de Lima on extrajudicial killings 

July 2016, Volume 27, Issue 3

Documents on Democracy

Excerpts of an April 30 letter written by Thich Quang Do, Supreme Patriarch of the Unified Buddhist Church of Vietnam and a leading human-rights advocate, to U.S. president Barack Obama on the eve of his first visit to Vietnam.Excerpts from an April 14 declaration issued by prominent Latin American political leaders and activists calling for political and social opening in Cuba.Exceprts from the inaugural address of…

April 2016, Volume 27, Issue 2

Documents on Democracy

Excerpts from: the inaugural address of Argentine president Mauricio Macri; victory speech by Taiwanese president Tsai Ing-Wen

January 2016, Volume 27, Issue 1

Documents on Democracy

Excerpts of remarks given by Iranian historian Ladan Boroumand in Soeul on November 1 at the opening of the Eighth Assembly of the World Movement for Democracy. Excerpts from the December 7 speech given by Venezuelan opposition leader Jesús Torrealba, whose Democratic Unity Roundtable (MUD) had won a surprising landslide victory in the previous day's…

October 2015, Volume 26, Issue 4

Documents on Democracy

Remarks by Nigeria's new president Muhammadu Buhari; statement by Azerbaijani investigative journalist Khadija Ismayilova; statements on abuses against lawyers and activists in China

July 2015, Volume 26, Issue 3

Documents on Democracy

Excerpts from newly elected Nigerian president Muhammadu Buhari’s May 29 inaugural address. Excerpts from an April 30 speech given by Leon Wieseltier honoring the slain Russian opposition politician and former deputy prime minister Boris Nemtsov. A brief excerpt from the conclusion of the report “Putin.War,” which Nemtsov was preparing at the time of his murder.…

April 2015, Volume 26, Issue 2

Documents on Democracy

Excerpts from: newly elected Sri Lankan president Maithripala Sirisena’s campaign manifesto, “A Compassionate Maithri Governance: A Stable Country,” Newsweek Polska's interview with Boris Nemtsov just hours before he was gunned down in Moscow on February 27, opposition leader Anwar Ibrahim's statement of innocence issued after the Federal Court of Malaysia upheld his sodomy conviction and 5-year sentence on February 10, and a…

January 2015, Volume 26, Issue 1

Documents on Democracy

Excerpts from a November 15 letter by the Hong Kong Federation of Students (who were among the leaders of the "Umbrella Revolution") to Chinese premier Li Keqiang, inviting him to visit Hong Kong. Excerpts from the 310-page campaign manifesto of former finance minister Ashraf Ghani, who was proclaimed Afghanistan’s new president on September 21 after lengthy negotiations and an audit of the June 14…

October 2014, Volume 25, Issue 4

Documents on Democracy

Excerpts from Estonian president Toomas Hendrik Ilves's September speech in Oslo, Norway. Portions of Indian prime minister Narendra Modi's Independence Day speech to the nation. Excerpts from Hungarian prime minister Viktor Orbán's shocking July speech in favor of an "illiberal state." Portions of an open letter written by senior members of the Communist Party of Vietnam calling for an end…

July 2014, Volume 25, Issue 3

Documents on Democracy

Excerpts from the June 7 inaugural address of Ukraine's newly elected president, Petro Poroshenko. Excerpts from “My Ideals and the Career Path I Have Chosen,” an autobiographical essay by Ilham Tohti, a professor of economics at Beijing’s Minzu University who was arrested in January on charges of inciting separatism. Tohti, a Uyghur born in Xinjiang, is the founder of Uyghur Online, a website dedicated to fostering understanding between Uyghurs and Han…

April 2014, Volume 25, Issue 2

Documents on Democracy

China On January 22, Xu Zhiyong was tried on charges of gathering a crowd to disrupt public order. The charges stem from Xu’s participation as a founding member of the New Citizens Movement, which exhorts Chinese citizens to seek their rights as laid out by the Chinese constitution. Since 2012, it has organized small demonstrations…

January 2014, Volume 25, Issue 1

Documents on Democracy

Excerpts from: the October 2013 speech delivered by Mongolian president Tsakhiagiyn Elbegdorj while on a state visit in North Korea, highlighting the importance of freedom. Aung San Suu Kyi's speech honoring Václav Havel, which she gave in September at the annual conference of the Forum 2000 Foundation. the joint statement of governments participating in a September meeting of…

October 2013, Volume 24, Issue 4

Documents on Democracy

Excerpts from Russian anticorruption crusader and recent Moscow mayoral candidate Alexei Navalny's September 9 speech on Bolotnaya Square. Portions of presidential contender Nana Akufo-Addo's August 29 statement conceding Ghana's disputed 2012 presidential election to John Dramani Mahama, as well as excerpts from Mahama's televised address that same night.  Remarks by jailed Chinese human-rights activist Xu Zhiyong

July 2013, Volume 24, Issue 3

Documents on Democracy

Excerpts from the following: Newly elected Kenyan president Uhuru Kenyatta's April 9 inaugural address. UN special rapporteur on the rights to freedom of peaceful assembly and of association Maina Kiai's second annual report to the Human Rights Council, presented on April 24. Remarks by Rosa María Payá, daughter of the late Oswaldo Payá Sardiñ​as, at the April 9 National Endowment…

April 2013, Volume 24, Issue 2

Documents on Democracy

The “Declaration of Free Citizens” published by Vietnamese bloggers in January 2013. Excerpts from Somali president Hassan Sheikh Mohamud’s January 2013 speech at the Center for Strategic and International Studies in Washington, D.C. Excerpts from a pastoral letter issued by the Anglican bishop of the Diocese of Colombo, deploring the state of the rule of…

January 2013, Volume 24, Issue 1

Documents on Democracy

The Democracy Courage Tribute was awarded to human-rights activists in Bahrain at the 7th Assembly of the World Movement for Democracy and accepted on their behalf by Maryam al-khawaja. Several weeks before being shot by masked gunmen, 14-year-old Pakistani activist Malala Yousafzai accepted the Pakistan Centre for Civic Education's Civic Courage Award. Excerpts from Georgian…

October 2012, Volume 23, Issue 4

Documents on Democracy

Excerpts from Aung San Suu Kyi’s Nobel Peace Prize acceptance speech, which she gave on June 16 in Oslo, 21 years after she was awarded the prize. An excerpt from imprisoned former Yukos oil company head Mikhail Khodorkovsky’s statement criticizing the Moscow trial of three members of the band Pussy Riot. Portions of Egyptian president…

July 2012, Volume 23, Issue 3

Documents on Democracy

Excerpts from former Senegalese president Abdoulaye Wade's concession speech after losing to Macky Sall in the March 25 presidential runoff. Excerpts from newly elected Senegalese president Macky Sall's first national address after his April 3 inauguration. Excerpts from the Ottawa Declaration on Tibet issued on April 29 at the conclusion of the Sixth World Parliamentarians Convention…

April 2012, Volume 23, Issue 2

Documents on Democracy

Excerpts from Yemeni journalist and human-rights activist Tawakkol Karman's acceptance speech for the 2011 Nobel Peace Prize. Excerpts from a statement issued by the Democratic Republic of Congo’s National Conference of Bishops on the DRC's disputed 2011 presidential election. Excerpts from the concluding statement of the February 22 extraordinary meeting of the Commonwealth Ministerial Action Group…

October 2011, Volume 22, Issue 4

Documents on Democracy

Excerpts from a statement issued by the Cairo Institute for Human Rights Studies and 35 other Egyptian human-rights organizations condemning the Supreme Council of the Armed Forces' campaign against the country's civil society organizations and human-rights groups. Excerpt from a statement by two top EU officials on the August 5 arrest of former Ukrainian prime…

April 2011, Volume 22, Issue 2

Documents on Democracy, April 2011

Excerpts from the “Roadmap for a Nation of Rights and the Rule of Law” issued by a group of 13 Egyptian NGOs together as the Forum of Independent Human Rights Organizations. Egypt On February 12, after Egyptian president Hosni Mubarak stepped down following weeks of protests against his rule, the Forum of Independent Human Rights…

October 2010, Volume 21, Issue 4

Documents on Democracy

Excerpts from remarks by Swedish foreign minister Carl Bildt, U.S. secretary of state Hillary Clinton, and Jerzy Buzek, president of the European Parliament, given on July 3 at a high-level meeting to mark the tenth anniversary of the the founding of the Community of Democracies. An excerpt from the June 30 inaugural address of Benigno…

July 2010, Volume 21, Issue 3

Documents on Democracy

Excerpts from remarks presented by newly elected Chilean president Sebastián Piñera upon signing a set of proposed laws for the strengthening of democracy to be submitted to the Congress.

April 2010, Volume 21, Issue 2

Documents on Democracy

Excerpts from a statement by Liu Xiaobo, a leading signatory of Charter 08, who was sentenced on 25 December 2009 to 11 years in prison on charges of "inciting subversion of state power." Excerpts from the inaugural address of Porfirio Lobo, who was sworn in as president of Honduras on January 27. A portion of…

January 2010, Volume 21, Issue 1

Documents on Democracy

Excerpts from Ayman Nour's video message to the National Endowment for Democracy's November 18 conference, "Middle Eastern Democrats and Their Vision of the Future." Selections from Wang Lixiong's speech accepting the International Campaign for Tibet's Light of Truth Award. Wang Lixiong, a Chinese writer, coauthored a 12 March 2008 open letter to the Chinese authorities…

October 2009, Volume 20, Issue 4

Documents on Democracy

Excerpts from a June 20 statement (Farsi, English) issued by Iranian opposition candidate Mir Hosein Musavi after the release of the official results of Iran's disputed June 12 presidential election led to protests throughout the country. Excerpts from the Organization of American States' resolution suspending Honduras from the organization in the aftermath of the June…

July 2009, Volume 20, Issue 3

Documents on Democracy

Excerpts from remarks made on March 11 by Xu Youyu, a Charter 08 signatory, as he accepted the People in Need foundation's annual Homo Homini Award on behalf of imprisoned Chinese dissident Liu Xiaobo, a leading figure behind Charter 08. Portions of the African Union's March 20 decision on the forced resignation of Madagascar's President…

April 2009, Volume 20, Issue 2

Documents on Democracy

Excerpts from Charter 08, an open letter signed by more than three-hundred Chinese citizens calling for a political system in China based on human rights and democracy. Portions of a January 10 ECOWAS statement condemning the military coup in Guinea that followed the death of President Lansana Conté on 22 December 2008. Excerpts from the…

January 2009, Volume 20, Issue 1

Documents on Democracy

Excerpts from the farewell speech delivered by the Maldives' outgoing president of thirty years as well as passages from the new executive's November 11 inaugural address.   Excerpts from Paraguayan president Fernando Lugo's 15 August 2008 inaugural address.   Excerpts from several tributes delivered at an 11 September 2008 memorial service honoring Bronislaw Geremek, a…

October 2008, Volume 19, Issue 4

Documents on Democracy

Excerpts from a statement issued by a leading group of Russian democrats on the conflict over South Ossetia, published on August 19 in the Yezhednevny Zhurnal online newspaper.   Excerpts from a joint declaration condemning Russian military actions against Georgia signed by the presidents of Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, and Poland on August 9.   Portions…

July 2008, Volume 19, Issue 3

Documents on Democracy

Excerpts from a petition containing "Twelve Suggestions for Dealing with the Tibet Situation," written by 29 Chinese intellectuals after the Chinese government put down protests in Tibet against Beijing's treatment of the Tibetan people. Excerpts from a speech given by European Commission president José Manuel Barroso at the formal launch of the European Foundation for…

April 2008, Volume 19, Issue 2

Documents on Democracy

Excerpt from Kosovo's Declaration of Independence from Serbia, which was approved by the Assembly of Kosovo on February 17. Excerpts from U.K. foreign secretary David Miliband's speech, "The Democratic Imperative," presented on February 12 as the Aung San Suu Kyi lecture at St. Hugh's College of Oxford University. The opening paragraphs of the February 28…

January 2008, Volume 19, Issue 1

Documents on Democracy

Excerpt from a Washington Post op-ed written by U Gambira, a pseudonym for the leader of the All-Burma Monks Alliance, on the widespread Burmese protests spearheaded by Buddhist monks in the fall of 2007.   Excerpts from remarks by Ellen Johnson Sirleaf, president of the Republic of Liberia, accepting the National Democratic Institute's W. Averell…

July 2007, Volume 18, Issue 3

Documents on Democracy

Excerpts from the Berlin Declaration released by the European Union on March 25, the fiftieth anniversary of the Treaties of Rome which established the European Economic Community. Excerpts from an interview with Thich Quang Do—winner of the 2006 Thorolf Rafto Memorial Prize for Human Rights Defenders—broadcast on March 16 by Radio Free Asia's Vietnamese Service.…

April 2007, Volume 18, Issue 2

Documents on Democracy

Full text of an open letter to Russian president Vladimir Putin, signed by more than a hundred public figures from around the world, in response to the decision to close the Society for Russian-Chechen Friendship. Message delivered by Democratic Republic of the Congo president Joseph Kabila, acknowledging his victory after two rounds of elections in…

January 2007, Volume 18, Issue 1

Documents on Democracy

Excerpts from remarks delivered at a memorial for Anna Politkovskaya, the Russian journalist and human rights advocate murdered in Moscow on October 7. Excerpts from a statement by the Asian Human Rights Commission, condemning the September 19 military coup in Thailand which ousted Thaksin Sinawatra. Excerpts from a December 1 speech by Felipe Calderón, his…

October 2006, Volume 17, Issue 4

Documents on Democracy

A June 2006 letter from jailed Egyptian politician Ayman Nour, who was sentenced to five years in prison in December 2005 on forgery charges widely viewed as spurious. Excerpts from Timorese leader José Ramos Horta's acceptance speech, following his swearing in as prime minister of Timor-Leste on July 10. Excerpts from Chilean president Michelle Bachelet's…

July 2006, Volume 17, Issue 3

Documents on Democracy

Excerpts from Akbar Ganji's June 5 acceptance speech for the annually awarded Golden Pen Award of the World Association of Newspapers. Ganji is a prominent Iranian dissident and journalist, who was released in March after a five-year prison term; his essay was featured in the October 2005 issue. Excerpts from a speech by Nigeria's president…

April 2006, Volume 17, Issue 2

Documents on Democracy

Excerpts from the January 16 inaugural address of Liberia's new president, Ellen Johnson-Sirleaf, who has become Africa's first democratically elected female president. Statement by Singaporean democratic activist Chee Soon Juan, the secretary-general of the opposition Singapore Democratic Party, titled Defamation Suits Against the Opposition Must Stop" and issued on March 2. See the Web sites…

July 2004, Volume 15, Issue 3

Documents on Democracy

Excerpts from the Alexandria Declaration, a document emanating from a March 2004 conference on Arab reform convened under the auspices of Egyptian president Hosni Mubarak at Egypt's Bibliotheca Alexandrina. Excerpts from an initiative on political reform issued by the first Arab Civil Forum on March 22, meeting in advance of the Arab Summit in Tunis.…

April 2004, Volume 15, Issue 2

Documents on Democracy

Excerpts from a United Nations report on the feasibility of early elections and possible alternatives in Iraq; an inaugural address by Georgian president Mikheil Saakashvili delivered in Tbilisi on January 25; a letter signed by more than 100 reformist Iranian parliamentarians criticizing Supreme Leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei for approving the Guardian Council disqualification of more…

January 2004, Volume 15, Issue 1

Documents on Democracy

Excerpts from a November 2003 interview with Iranian human rights activist Shirin Ebadi, winner of the 2003 Nobel Peace Prize. Excerpts from a September 2003 speech by Hossein Khomeni, grandson of the founder and Supreme Leader of the Islamic Republic of Iran. Excerpts from a September 2003 statement issued by Václav Havel, Arpád Göncz, and…

October 2003, Volume 14, Issue 4

Documents on Democracy

Excerpts from a November 2002 lecture delivered by the UN Secretary-General's Special Representative in Iraq, the late Sergio Vieira de Mello, who was killed in the August 19 bombing of UN headquarters in Baghdad. Excerpts from the May 25 inaugural address of Argentinian president Néstor Kirchner. Excerpts from a May 17 speech by Zainah Anwar,…

July 2003, Volume 14, Issue 3

Documents on Democracy

Excerpts from: Kenyan president-elect Emilio Mwai Kibaki’s inaugural speech; statement by the International Movement of Parliamentarians for Democracy condemning the crackdown on Cuban dissidents; Organization of American States (OAS) secretary-general César Gaviria’s speech at a conference entitled “Financing Democracy: Political Parties, Campaigns and Elections.” 

April 2003, Volume 14, Issue 2

Documents on Democracy

Excerpts from: Václav Havel’s last two addresses as president of the Czech Republic; Nicaraguan president Enrique Bolaños’s speech accepting the National Endowment for Democracy’s Democracy Service Medal; speech by Turkish Justice and Development Party chairman (now prime minister) Recep Tayyip Erdoğan; inaugural address of Brazilian president Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva.

January 2003, Volume 14, Issue 1

Documents on Democracy

Excerpts from: “A Republican Manifesto: A Model for Overcoming Iran’s Political Deadlock” by Iranian investigative journalist Akbar Ganji; opening remarks and acceptance speeches from the fifteenth annual W. Averell Harriman Democracy Awards; “Community of Democracies statement on Terrorism.”

October 2002, Volume 13, Issue 4

Documents on Democracy

Excerpts from: Egyptian sociologist and prodemocracy activist Saad Eddin Ibrahim’s written statement; the Arab Human Development Report; UN Development Program Administrator Mark Malloch Brown’s address launching the 2002 Human Development Report; Columbian president Alvaro Uribe Vélez’s inaugural address; Chair of the African Union (AU) and South African president Thabo Mbeki’s speech at the inauguration of…

July 2002, Volume 13, Issue 3

Documents on Democracy

Excerpts from: Sierra Leonean president Ahmad Tejan Kabbah’s inaugural address; the Democracy Coalition Project’s “Call to Action to Build Open Democratic Societies”; the Varela Project, a petition circulated by Cuban dissidents; East Timorese president Xanana Gusmao’s inaugural address.

April 2002, Volume 13, Issue 2

Documents on Democracy

Excerpts from: a resolution adopted by the Third International Conference on North Korean Human Rights and Refugees; Eduardo Duhalde’s first address as president of Argentina; the opening address of Hussain Sinjari a a seminar entitled “Prospects for Democracy in Iraq”; the introductory speech of the European Convention by Convention chairman, former French president Valéry Giscard-d’Estaing.

January 2002, Volume 13, Issue 1

Documents on Democracy

Excerpts from: British prime minister Tony Blair’s speech on the events of September 11 and their aftermath; the “Inter-American Democratic Charter” adopted by the Organization of American States; UN secretary-general Kofi Annan’s speech accepting the National Democratic Institute’s Averell Harriman Award; Bangladesh Nationalist Party leader and Prime Minister Khaleda Zia’s “Speech for the Nation.”

October 2001, Volume 12, Issue 4

Documents on Democracy

Excerpts from: writings by Human rights activist Elena Bonner on the situation in Chechnya; the first state address of Indonesian president Megawati Sukarnoputri; the African Union’s New Africa Initiative; Organization of American States General Assembly Resolution 1753.

July 2001, Volume 12, Issue 3

Documents on Democracy

Excerpts from: “Tunisia 2004: Manifesto of Progressive Tunisian Democrats”; the Declaration of Quebec City from the third  Summit of the Americas meeting; Mexican foreign minister Jorge Castañeda’s address at the 57th session of the United Nations Commission on Human Rights. 

April 2001, Volume 12, Issue 2

Documents on Democracy

Excerpts from: South Korean president Kim Dae Jung’s speech accepting the 2000 Nobel Prize for Peace; the inaugural address of Ghanian president John Kufor; Philippine president Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo’s inaugural address; the “National Action Charter for the State of Bahrain”; the “Appeal for Democracy” issued on behalf of the Unified Buddhist Church of Vietnam.

January 2001, Volume 12, Issue 1

Documents on Democracy

Excerpts from: a statement by Yugoslav presidential candidate Vojislav Kostunica; Mexican president Vicente Fox’s inaugural address; the declaration of Syrian president Bashar Al-Assad.

October 2000, Volume 11, Issue 4

Documents on Democracy

Excerpts from: a victory speech by Mexican president-elect Vicente Fox; a final declaration of a conference entitled “Towards a Community of Democracies”; the “Declaration of Unity” signed by democratic activists from 11 Asian countries. 

July 2000, Volume 11, Issue 3

Documents on Democracy

Excerpts from: a videotaped message by leader of the National League for Democracy of Burma, Aung San Suu Kyi; remarks and a draft resolution on Cuba from the 56th session of the UN Commission on Human Rights; Taiwanese president Chen Shui-bian’s inaugural address; Russian president Vladimir Putin’s inaugural address; a statement from Elena Bonner; the…

April 2000, Volume 11, Issue 2

Documents on Democracy

Excerpts from: Russian President Boris Yeltsin’s farewell remarks and remarks by his successor, Vladimir Putin; a summary of Chechen foreign minister Ilyas Ahmadov’s remarks at the Central Asia-Caucasus Institute; a speech by East Timorese independence leader Kay Rala Xanana Gusmão; a victory speech by Chilean president Ricardo Lagos; a speech by Argentinian president Fernando de…

January 2000, Volume 11, Issue 1

Documents on Democracy

Excerpts from: a statement by Cuban dissidents entitled “All  United”; a letter by former dissidents of the Soviet  bloc to the so-called “Group of Four” critics of the Castro regime in Cuba; an address delivered by the Commonwealth’s outgoing secretary-general Chief Emeka Anayaoku;  the “Seoul Statement” on human rights in North Korea; Abdurrahman Wahid’s speech…

October 1999, Volume 10, Issue 4

Documents on Democracy

Excerpts from: the “Sana’a Declaration” and remarks by Yemeni prime minister Abdul Karim Al-Eryani from the Emerging Democracies Forum; Indonesian Democratic Party of Struggle chairwoman Megawati Sukarnoputri’s remarks; remarks from South African president Thabo Mbeki; the “Rio de Janiero Declaration.”

July 1999, Volume 10, Issue 3

Documents on Democracy

Excerpts from: a United Nations Commission on Human Rights resolution on the “Promotion of the Right to Democracy”; remarks by Aung San Suu Kyi, General Secretary of Burma’s National League for Democracy; the “Casablanca Declaration of the Arab Human Rights Movement”; Nigerian president Olusegun Obasanjo’s inaugural speech. 

April 1999, Volume 10, Issue 2

Documents on Democracy

Excerpts from: a founding document from the inaugural assembly of the “World Movement for Democracy”; South Korean President Kim Dae Jung’s opening address at a conference entitled “Demcoracy, Market Economy and Development”; the interim report of Nigeria’s Transition Monitoring Group.

January 1999, Volume 10, Issue 1

Documents on Democracy

Excerpts from: the forward of the final report of South Africa’s Truth and Reconciliation Commission by Chairperson Archbishop Desmond Tutu; a letter to the Vietnamese National Assembly deploring corruption in the Community Party by four Party veterans; an address on democratization in Burma by Kyaw Kyaw of the Thailand-based All Burma Student’s Democratic Front; former…

October 1998, Volume 9, Issue 4

Documents on Democracy

Excerpts from: Mexican president Ernesto Zedillo’s annual address; Thai foreign minister Surin Pitsuwan’s opening statement at a ministerial meeting of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations; a statement by Panamanian president Ernesto Pérez Balladares; a speech by Romanian president Emil Constantinescu addressed to a joint session of the U.S. Congress. 

July 1998, Volume 9, Issue 3

Documents on Democracy

Excerpts from: imprisoned Chinese dissident Wang Dan’s first press conference; the Declaration of Santiago; “Strategic Initiatives of the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia: Fundamentals for a New Beginning”; speeches on “Human Rights and Asian Values” given at the 54th session of the UN Commission on  Human Rights; a postelection statement by Martin Lee, leader of the…

April 1998, Volume 9, Issue 2

Documents on Democracy

Excerpts from: remarks and homily of Pope John Paul II given during his visit to Cuba; South Korean president Kim Dae Jung’s inaugural address. 

January 1998, Volume 9, Issue 1

Documents on Democracy

Excerpts from: Chinese dissident Wei Jingsheng’s opening statement; Chinese president Jiang Zemin’s statement; Organization of American States Charter amendment; Iranian president Mohammad Khatami’s inaugural address; National Endowment for Democracy president Carl Gershman’s keynote conference speech. 

October 1997, Volume 8, Issue 4

Documents on Democracy

Excerpts from: Mexican president Ernesto Zedillo Ponce de León’s state of the Union and the lower chamber president Porfirio Muñoz Ledo’s response; a communique of the June 1997 Summit of Eight; “The Homeland Belongs to Us All” by four Cuban human rights activists.

July 1997, Volume 8, Issue 3

Documents on Democracy

Excerpts from: the acceptance speech of Martin Lee, Democracy Award recipient; Saudi prince Talal Bin Abdul Aziz Al-Saoud’s opening address at the Second Conference of Arab NGOs; Angolan National Assembly chairman Roberto de Almeida’s speech; Czech president Václav Havel’s statement.

April 1997, Volume 8, Issue 2

Documents on Democracy

Excerpts from: the acceptance speech of José Ramos-Horta, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize; Guatemalan president Alvaro Arzú’s speech on the occasion of the signing of a comprehensive peace accord.

January 1997, Volume 8, Issue 1

Documents on Democracy

Excerpts from: Romanian presidential candidate Emil Constantinescu’s remarks; victory statement by Nicaraguan presidential candidate Arnoldo Alemán.

October 1996, Volume 7, Issue 4

Documents on Democracy

Excerpts from: testimony delivered at South Africa’s Truth and Reconciliation Commission; remarks by National Endowment for Democracy president Carl Gershman; remarks delivered at a reception marking the opening of Mongolia’s new parliament.

July 1996, Volume 7, Issue 3

Documents on Democracy

Excerpts from: Taiwanese president Lee Teng-hui’s inaugural address; a ten-point declaration of a summit of more than a dozen Nigerian prodemocracy groups; an “Inter-American Convention Against Corruption”; resolutions adopted by Burma’s National League for Democracy.

April 1996, Volume 7, Issue 2

Documents on Democracy

Excerpts from: Sergei Kovalev’s letter of resignation from the President’s Human Rights Commission in Russia; Haitian president René Préval’s inaugural address; the initial declaration of the Cuban Council (Concilio Cubano). 

January 1996, Volume 7, Issue 1

Documents on Democracy

Excerpts from: the statement of Ken Saro-Wiwa, a critic of the Nigerian government, shortly before his execution; interview with Cambodian prince Norodom Sihanouk; petition by 15 dissidents to China’s legislature demanding freedom for political prisoners; Pope John Paul II’s address for the UN’s fiftieth anniversary.

October 1995, Volume 6, Issue 4

Documents on Democracy

Excerpts from: Burmese opposition leader Aung San Suu Kyi’s speech in Rangoon; human rights advocate Harry Wu’s remarks before the U.S. House of Representatives on China’s labor camps; “Our Global Neighborhood,” presented at the World Economic Forum.  

July 1995, Volume 6, Issue 3

Documents on Democracy

Excerpts from: a petition by forty-five prominent Chinese intellectuals calling for increased political tolerance; the inaugural speech of Julio María Sanguinetti, the president of Uruguay; remarks by You Ching, country magistrate of Taipei, Taiwan.