Region: Comparative Theoretical General

July 2002, Volume 13, Issue 3

Democracy in Real Time

Globalization has fostered the spread of “democracy as procedure,” but it is much less favorable to the spread of “democracy as culture.”

April 2002, Volume 13, Issue 2

A New Look at Federalism: The Import of Institutions

A new research project suggests that federalism enhances the ability of regimes to accommodate territorially based minorities. Federal systems, except when imposed by an outside power, significantly help to preserve the peace.

April 2002, Volume 13, Issue 2

Electoral Systems for Divided Societies

Political scientists have long theorized that the use of “preferential” election systems can help promote successful conflict management in divided societies. As it turns out, evidence from five real-world cases supports this conclusion.

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January 2002, Volume 13, Issue 1

The End of the Transition Paradigm

Must countries where authoritarian regimes have fallen therefore be "in transition" to democracy? Many democracy promoters seem to think so. Yet trends on the ground in country after country are raising doubts about whether it is true or useful to think of democracy's prospects in this way. 

July 2001, Volume 12, Issue 3

Books in Review: Two Models of Democracy

A review of “Patterns of Democracy: Government Forms and Performance in Thirty-Six Countries, ” by Arend Lijphart; and “Elections as Instruments of Democracy: Majoritarian and Proportional Views,” by G. Bingham Powell, Jr.

January 2001, Volume 12, Issue 1

Books in Review: Politics and Development

A review of "Democracy and Development: Political Institutions and Well-being in the World 1950-1990." By Adam Przeworski, Michael E. Alvarez, Jose Antonio Cheibub, and Fernando Limongi.

July 2000, Volume 11, Issue 3

Markets, Law, and Democracy

The experience of “bandit capitalism” or “tyrant capitalism” in postcommunist societies shows that markets cannot work properly without a community of trust and mutual respect. Such a community can be achieved only where there is a rule of law, applied by able and independent judges.

July 2000, Volume 11, Issue 3

Is Pakistan the (Reverse) Wave of the Future?

Pakistan’s descent into authoritarian rule starkly depicts the “triple crisis of governance” that threatens many third-wave democracies. If these problems of governance are not addressed, a new “reverse wave” of democratization could be imminent.

Democracy in Decline?

For almost a decade, Freedom House’s annual survey has highlighted a decline in democracy in most regions of the globe. Some analysts say this shows that the world has entered a "democratic recession." Others dispute that interpretation, emphasizing democracy’s success in maintaining the huge gains it made during the last quarter of the twentieth century.