Explaining Eastern Europe: Orbán’s Laboratory of Illiberalism

Article
July 2018

Viktor Orbán’s Fidesz party has used its two-thirds majority in parliament to change the constitution, erase checks and balances, and make
the electoral system even more majoritarian.

The Assault on Postcommunist Courts

Article
July 2016

A number of countries in East-Central Europe are facing a grave crisis of constitutional democracy. As their governments seek to undermine the institutional limits on their power, constitutional courts have become a central target.

What’s Wrong with East-Central Europe? The Fading Mirage of the “Liberal Consensus”

Article
January 2016

Across East-Central Europe, the political center ground has long been characterized by the uneasy cohabitation of liberal and illiberal norms, but the latter have been gradually overpowering the former.

Hungary’s U-Turn: Retreating from Democracy

Article
June 2015

The great achievements of Hungary’s 1989–90 transition—including democracy, rule of law, market-oriented reform, and pluralism in intellectual life—are being dismantled as the world looks the other way.

Hungary’s Illiberal Turn: Can Outsiders Help?

Article
July 2012

Can outside actors help Hungarians to loosen Fidesz’s centralized grip on all of their country’s governing institutions?

Hungary’s Illiberal Turn: Disabling the Constitution

Article
July 2012

In Hungary’s 2010 general elections, Fidesz won 68 percent of the seats in parliament—allowing it to impose a wholly new constitutional order.

Hungary’s Illiberal Turn: How Things Went Wrong

Article
July 2012

How has Hungary, initially seen as a leading postcommunist success story, fallen into its current troubles?

Is East-Central Europe Backsliding? Nightmares From the Past, Dreams of the Future

Article
October 2007

Having suffered under both of the twentieth century's most brutal brands of dictatorship—fascism and communism—the CEE peoples have been dreaming of a new and better future, the future of the European Union and the Euro-Atlantic community.

Is East-Central Europe Backsliding? Economic Woes and Political Disaffection

Article
October 2007

Under the pressure of compliance with the Maastricht convergence criteria governments implement painful welfare state reforms.

Is East-Central Europe Backsliding? Leninist Legacies, Pluralist Dilemmas

Article
October 2007

To understand how East-Central European societies have evolved since 1989, we must understand the building blocks that contribute to the establishment and functioning of open societies.

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