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While many experts recommend postponing democratization pending the rise of a middle class, a directly political strategy may well be better.
Volume 13, Issue 3
Is the field of Middle East studies as badly flawed as some critics charge? A fair-minded look at the last 10 or 15 years of research suggests otherwise.
Volume 15, Issue 4
The lack of democracy in the Arab world is a problem that goes far beyond the absence of competitive elections. This lack must be traced not to religion or culture,…
Volume 11, Issue 4
The “Fourth Generation” of Iranian intellectuals has a vital role to play in strengthening civil society and fostering democratization.