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While many experts recommend postponing democratization pending the rise of a middle class, a directly political strategy may well be better.
Volume 20, Issue 4
The Islamic Republic is struggling, with the Revolutionary Guard Corps more and more the only thing propping it up.
Volume 14, Issue 1
The vast obstacles to democratic reformism include basic provisions in the Constitution of the Islamic Republic itself.
Volume 26, Issue 4
How did a potent Islamist movement come to accept a non-Islamist constitution? The answer lies in that movement’s self-protective reflexes.