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While many experts recommend postponing democratization pending the rise of a middle class, a directly political strategy may well be better.
Volume 20, Issue 3
Legislative elections in the Middle East often become contests over patronage and wind up reinforcing authoritarian regimes.
Volume 13, Issue 3
The Editors’ introduction to “Middle East Studies After 9/11.”
Volume 16, Issue 4
In the lines of suffering etched on the visage of this courageous dissident may be read the drama of Iran today.