Successful institutionalization will help the regime survive the pressures of advanced modernization and integration with the global economy.
Volume 14, Issue 1
China's Changing of the Guard
The regime has only institutionalized itself partially and temporarily; institutional norms are currently eroding, and this is likely to continue.
The Communist Party's adaptation to China's new social elites will lead to a democratic transition only, if at all, at the expense of regime continuity.
The Chinese state is much weaker than most people realize, which bodes ill for the country's democratic prospects.
The Chinese state has become more efficient, constrained, and responsive—improvements that could lay a base for a successful transition.
Class politics is an ever more important reality, but the growth of capitalism is not likely to produce pressures for democratization.
With both reformists and leftists pushed aside, political center-stage now belongs to new pragmatists both inside and outside the Communist Party.
The outward appearance of a powerful and confident Communist party- state masks a deep crisis
Political renewal is contending with a process of political decay that has yet to reach an end.
To forestall a worst-case scenario, the U.S. and the world must make a deeper commitment to peacekeeping and decentralized government.
The largely positive trends indicated in this year’s Freedom House Survey encourage cautious optimism on the occasion of its thirtieth anniversary.
The “system of separations” is a historic achievement that must be defended even against normatively “purer” understandings of democracy.
The Deadlock in Iran
Despite today’s gridlock, there are grounds for hope in the widespread embrace of democratic ideals by young people.
The vast obstacles to democratic reformism include basic provisions in the Constitution of the Islamic Republic itself.
After a decade of partial liberalization begun by the late King Hussein, freedoms are now being rolled back by an anxious regime.
October 2002 brought the latest in a series of “critical” elections that have helped to point the way to an independent, more democratic future.
Holding regular, free elections may not be enough to stop turbulence that threatens both the quality of democracy and the coherence of the state.