Exchange: Confusing Categories, Shifting Targets

Issue Date October 2013
Volume 24
Issue 4
Page Numbers 161-67
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Read the full essay here.

Staffan Lindberg replies to Matthijs Bogaards’s critique, finding the latter’s methodology problematic and arguing that the evidence for association between repeated elections and democratization remains strong.

About the Author

Staffan I. Lindberg is professor of political science and director of the V-Dem Institute at the University of Gothenburg.

View all work by Staffan I. Lindberg