Unlike liberal democracies, which generally accord their citizens the right to complete freedom of religious belief and practice, the People’s Republic of China claims that it needs to control religion in order to preserve social harmony and economic modernization. China’s government maintains that religion is destined to recede as modernization continues to proceed. Yet religion is growing rapidly, and has overwhelmed the CCP regime’s systems of surveillance and control. Along with similar religious movements that have challenged the government’s authority, the Falun Gong has been put into the category of “evil cults” that the state strives to crush by mobilizing new forms of police power on a vast scale. There are pragmatic reasons for the Chinese government to worry about the radicalism that might come with a religious revival, but the reaction against it seems so extreme as to be counterproductive.