The Secret Supports of Mongolian Democracy

Issue Date January 2017
Volume 28
Issue 1
Page Numbers 129-143
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In postcommunist Eurasia, a region littered with failed democratic experiments and frozen autocracies, Mongolia is an outlier. Mongolian democracy is robust in spite of the country’s high poverty levels and its proximity to nondemocratic regimes. The key to the success of Mongolia’s democracy lies in its powerful civil society. From the first sign of the country’s political opening in 1989 to today, autonomous interest groups and social movements have helped keep officialdom honest (or at minimum, alert) and the polity open. Recent political challenges, however, promise to test civil society’s ability to defend Mongolia’s fledgling democratic institutions against nondemocratic tendencies.

About the Authors

M. Steven Fish

M. Steven Fish is a professor of political science at the University of California, Berkeley.

View all work by M. Steven Fish

Michael Seeberg

Michael Seeberg is assistant professor in the comparative politics section of the department of political science and public management at the University of Southern Denmark.

View all work by Michael Seeberg