How Democracies Emerge: The "Sequencing" Fallacy

Article
January 2007

Many critics of democracy promotion assert that the rule of law and a well-functioning state should be in place before a society democratizes, but this strategy of "sequencing" is based on a set of mistaken premises.

Constitutional Courts: A Primer for Decision Makers

Article
October 2006

Courts empowered to overturn legislative acts have spread rapidly in recent years. If carefully designed and limited, constitutional courts may aid democratic consolidation, but if not, they can become objects of political strife, impediments to democracy, and bad influences on legal development.

Burundi's Transition: Training Leaders for Peace

Article
January 2006

Burundi's leaders are learning to embrace a culture of discussion and consensus that offers a way out of the abyss of civil war.

Russia: Authoritarianism Without Authority

Article
January 2006

Vladimir Putin has pulled the plug on democracy in Russia in an effort to strengthen the authority of the central state. But a look at Russian federal relations shows that the state is growing weaker rather than stronger.

Measuring Public Integrity

Article
January 2006

Measurements that rely on perceptions of corruption can be misleading. What is needed is a method of gauging how well a country has set itself up to defend public integrity systematically and in all its dimensions.

The New Iraq: Democratic Institutions and Performance

Article
July 2005

Even after its successful elections, Iraq remains a divided society. Democracy did not create these divisions, but it could be the key to managing them.

Transitions from Postcommunism

Article
July 2005

The years since 2000 have seen a surprising new wave of democratic breakthroughs in postcommunist lands as varied as Serbia, Georgia, and Ukraine. Can we identify any factors common to each case?

Ukraine's Orange Revolution: Kuchma's Failed Authoritarianism

Article
April 2005

Desperate to secure victory for its own candidate in the 2004 presidential election, the incumbent regime undertook an unprecedented campaign of blatant election fraud. But it had underestimated the citizenry that it was trying to deceive.

Ukraine's Orange Revolution: The Opposition's Road to Success

Article
April 2005

Ukraine's opposition had been trying to oust President Leonid Kuchma's semi-authoritarian regime since its alleged involvement in the murder of journalist Georgi Gongadze in 2000. What brought success in 2004?

Challenge and Change in East Asia: Facing the Perils of Presidentialism

Article
April 2005

Juan Linz's 1990 critique of presidentialism in these pages was based largely on the Latin American experience. In the last few years, however, four new Asian democracies have encountered presidential crises. Does Linz's work hold the secret to what has been ailing these regimes?

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