Progress and Retreat in Africa: Presidents Untamed

Article
April 2008

Despite sweeping political and constitutional changes in Africa, a notable feature of the ancien régime survives—the imperial presidency. African presidents may be term-limited, but they have not been tamed.

The Arroyo Imbroglio in the Philippines

Article
January 2008

Asia's oldest democracy is sinking into a morass of corruption and scandal. The Philippines' president, Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo, continues to undermine the country's democratic institutions in order to remain in power.

Morocco's Elections: Islamists, Technocrats, and the Palace

Article
January 2008

Morocco is a country with a "defused" political game: Elections do not play their usual role in democracies of allowing citizens to choose among competing agendas for policy and governance.

The Quest for Self-Rule in Tibet

Article
October 2007

This article assesses the historical record and current practice to argue that a form of autonomy that is appropriately grounded in China’s Constitution and international human rights practice may offer a path out of the current dispute.

The Decline of the African Military Coup

Article
July 2007

Since the early 1990s, many African countries have undergone political liberalization, and so far this trend has been accompanied by a significant drop in the incidence of military coups.

The Institutionalization of Political Power in Africa

Article
July 2007

Sub-Saharan Africa has been traditionally depicted as a place where formal institutional rules are largely irrelevant-yet in the past fifteen years these rules have come to matter, and this trend is unlikely to reverse.

Liberalism versus State-Building

Article
July 2007

In certain circumstances, both liberalism and popular rule can obstruct rather than promote state-building.

India's Unlikely Democracy: The Rise of Judicial Sovereignty

Article
April 2007

India's courts have been playing a growing role in the country's political life. Yet even as judicial interventions have become more sweeping, the principles undergirding their legitimacy have become less clear.

The Case for Presidential Term Limits

Article
January 2007

Presidential term limits have spread across the world, but in many countries presidents and their allies seek to circumvent or eliminate them. Advocates of democracy must protect this institution, as its role in democratization may be far more powerful than is conventionally recognized.

How Democracies Emerge: Lessons from Europe

Article
January 2007

Those who argue that democracy requires preconditions often cite the example of gradual unfolding set by the established democracies. A glance at history, however, shows that even today's most placid democracies have "backstories" as turbulent as anything found in the developing world today.

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