Hugo Chávez's "Petro-Socialism"

Article
April 2009

Will Hugo Chávez’s victory in the 15 February 2009 vote to end term limits enable him to drive Venezuela toward “Bolivarian socialism”? There are reasons to doubt this, but for now democracy’s prospects do not look encouraging.

Pakistan After Musharraf: Praetorianism and Terrorism

Article
October 2008

The military is currently showing signs of wanting to back away from overt political involvement, but this should not be confused with a rejection of praetorianism or an acceptance of the principle of civilian supremacy.

Islamist Parties and Democracy: Going Back to the Origins

Article
July 2008

The rise of Islamist parties poses new challenges to efforts to understand the relationship between Islam and democracy. A diverse group of authors investigates this new phenomenon and its implications for the future of democracy in the Middle East.

Progress and Retreat in Africa: Presidents Untamed

Article
April 2008

Despite sweeping political and constitutional changes in Africa, a notable feature of the ancien régime survives—the imperial presidency. African presidents may be term-limited, but they have not been tamed.

Progress and Retreat in Africa: Challenges of a "Frontier" Region

Article
April 2008

In Africa today, investment flows in and civil societies grow stronger, yet many of the continent's leaders continue to behave autocratically, defending their privileges against the spread of law-based rule.

China: From Prison to Freedom

Article
April 2008

Why has China's transition to democracy been so delayed, and what can be done to hasten it?

The 2007 Freedom House Survey: Is the Tide Turning?

Article
April 2008

Authoritarian pushback continued to affect key regions and countries in 2007, but the courage, energy, and creativity that democrats continued to show gives reason to think that their cause has brighter days ahead.

Russia's Transition to Autocracy

Article
April 2008

Just as Russia's leaders pretend that they are ruling over a democracy, they also pretend that they are ruling over an empire.

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