Christainity and Democracy: The Pioneering Protestants

Article
April 2004

Historical and other evidence from around the world suggests that Protestantism has helped to create a web of mediating factors—from higher literacy to lower corruption to active civic groups—that encourage self-government.

Tibet: The Exiles' Journey

Article
July 2003

Almost a half-century after being forced from their homeland, Tibetans abroad, led by the Dalai Lama, have democratized their institutions in hopes that they may one day form the basis for a free and self-governing Tibet.

An "Arab" More Than "Muslim" Democracy Gap

Article
July 2003

Gauging electoral competitiveness relative to economic development reveals not only that Arab countries "underperform" but, strikingly, that non-Arab Muslim-majority countries tend to "overperform."

A Model for Post-Saddam Iraq

Article
July 2003

If Iraq is successfully to democratize and an inclusive democratic culture is to emerge, the Iraqi state must be reconstituted as a federal and strongly liberal system and thoroughly demilitarized.

What is Liberal Islam?: The Elusive Reformation

Article
April 2003

An "Islamic Reformation" is not a necessary condition for the emergence of democracy in the Muslim world; what is most needed is a political reformation.

What Is Liberal Islam?: The Sources of Enlightened Muslim Thought

Article
April 2003

There is an emerging current of enlightened thought in the Muslim world today, but it is all too often wrongly labeled and poorly understood.

What Is Liberal Islam?: Faith and Modernity

Article
April 2003

If they are to understand Islam authentically and to embrace the modern world freely, Muslims must take a new attitude toward their traditions of interpretation.

What Is Liberal Islam?: The Silenced Majority

Article
April 2003

Liberal Islam remains marginal because it is politically suppressed; in truth, it represents the predominant political hopes of Muslims around the world.

The Deadlock in Iran: Pressures from Below

Article
January 2003

Despite today's gridlock, there are grounds for hope in the widespread embrace of democratic ideals by young people.

How Muslims View Democracy: Evidence from Central Asia

Article
October 2002

What do Muslims think about democracy? Although reliable evidence is hard to come by, survey data from Central Asia open a window on this matter of vital concern in the Muslim world and beyond.

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