Latin America’s Shifting Politics: Democratic Survival and Weakness

October 2018

Democracy is enduring in Latin America, but it cannot be said to be prospering. Illiberalism and polarization are rising. Yet core democratic institutions remain firmly in place, and therein lies hope.

The Myth of Democratic Recession

January 2015

In contrast to the conventional wisdom that democracy is in retreat worldwide, the evidence tells a different story: The state of global democracy has been stable over the last decade and is actually better than it was in the 1990s.

External Influence and Democratization: Structure vs. Choice

October 2014
Linkage and leverage largely reflect long-term structural factors, and only in certain situations can they be affected by policy choices.

The Durability of Revolutionary Regimes

July 2013
Authoritarian regimes that have their origins in revolutionary struggle have a much higher survival rate than other brands of authoritarianism. What accounts for their durability?

Lessons from Latin America: Building Institutions on Weak Foundations

April 2013

A particular pattern of institutional change—“serial replacement”—is dominant in Latin America and other developing countries with weak institutional contexts. This pattern is characterized by institutional change that is both frequent and radical.

Peru’s 2011 Elections: A Surprising Left Turn

October 2011

In a runoff between candidates with dubious democratic credentials, former antisystem outsider Ollanta Humala defeated Keiko Fujimori by attracting votes from the middle class.

Why Democracy Needs a Level Playing Field

January 2010

In some countries, democratic competition is undermined less by electoral fraud or repression than by a skewed playing field—unequal access to state institutions, resources, and the media.

Argentina: From Kirchner to Kirchner

April 2008

Despite key improvements during Néstor Kirchner's presidency, Argentine democracy remains vulnerable to crisis. The near collapse of the party system and weakness of political and economic institutions continue to threaten stability.

International Linkage and Democratization

July 2005

The role of international factors varied greatly across the post-Cold War transitions to democracy, but the intensity and results of external democratizing pressure depended on two variables: linkage to the West and Western leverage.

Argentina Weathers the Storm

October 2003

In the wake of its recent crisis, Argentina can move from survival to stability only if it responds to demands for institutional change in a way that strengthens the country’s institutions over the long term.