Iran’s Exclusionary Republic

Article
April 2018

A review of Democracy in Iran: Why It Failed and How It Might Succeed by Misagh Parsa.

Iran’s 2017 Election: Waning Democratic Hopes

Article
October 2017

Wrongly viewed by many media sources as a victory for “reform” and “openness,” the recent presidential election in Iran actually reflected the demoralization and disengagement of the country’s prodemocratic opposition.

Iran in Ferment: Civil Society’s Choice

Article
October 2009

When students and other rights activists decided to seize a tactical opening that the regime cynically offered them during the 2009 campaign, they were making a choice that was even more fateful than they knew.

Iran's Resilient Civil Society: The Untold Story of the Fight for Human Rights

Article
October 2007

The birth of a civil rights movement in Iran is a ray of hope in a region beset by difficulties, and the most promising response to the new totalitarian threat that is endangering the world's stability.

Iran's Resilient Civil Society: The Untold Story of the Fight for Human Rights

Article
October 2007

Observers who focus too much on elections have failed to grasp the maturation of Iranian civil society, even as hard-liners have come to dominate the government.

Iran's Peculiar Election: The Role of Ideology

Article
October 2005

The election results reflect less what voters want than the ideological dynamics that shape the behavior of factions within the regime.

Terror, Islam, and Democracy

Article
April 2002

Although Islamist terror groups invoke a host of religious references, the real source of their ideas is not the Koran but rather Leninism, fascism, and other strains of twentieth-century thought that exalt totalitarian violence.

Is Iran Democratizing? Reform at an Impasse

Article
October 2000

Once again, a reformist electoral victory has been followed by political setbacks. The key to understanding this paradoxical pattern lies in the unique theocratic constitutional structure of the Islamic Republic.