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Analogies with interwar Europe are often misdirected. In the 1920s and 1930s, regime breakdowns occurred in struggling new democracies, but established democratic systems exhibited remarkable endurance.The Real Lessons of the Interwar Years
Rising populism in the U.S. and beyond is calling into question the liberal-democratic bargain that has defined the postwar era. What led to Americans’ present revolt against elites, and what are its implications?The Populist Moment
Traditional intermediary institutions such as parties and the legacy media are not what they once were, and they are not coming back. What are the implications of new social media and digital-campaign techniques?Can Democracy Survive the Internet?
Political scientists have long assumed that “democratic consolidation” is a one-way street, but survey evidence of declining support for democracy from across the established democracies suggests that deconsolidation is a genuine danger.The Signs of Deconsolidation
The referendum campaign and its aftermath have exposed fault lines between the “two Britains” that have been long in the making and that pose stark questions about national values and identity.Britain After Brexit: A Nation Divided
Liberal democracy in Europe today is under siege from a variety of political forces, but it is critical to recognize the distinctions among them.The Specter Haunting Europe: Distinguishing Liberal Democracy’s Challengers
What some had thought would be the “end of history” has instead turned out to be the “new world disorder.” Democratic liberalism may have no new ideological rival, but older identities are powerfully reasserting themselves.The Specter Haunting Europe: The Unraveling of the Post-1989 Order