Why Greece Failed

April 2013

Greece was an early success story of the “third wave,” but since the 2008 financial crisis, it has become a poster child for the pains of austerity and unrest. Its troubles at one level are fiscal and economic, but there is a political dimension that may be even more critical.

PDF icon Why Greece Failed

Twenty Years of Postcommunism: Deepening Dissatisfaction

January 2010

Today, twenty years after the fall of the Berlin Wall, there is a growing ambiguity about the historical significance of 1989 and about the state of democracy in Europe (particularly Central Europe).


Scottish Democracy in a Time of Nationalism

July 2009

The Scottish National Party proposes to free Scotland from its supposed tutelage to London, but betrays habits of political centralism and elitism that raise questions about the quality of democracy an independent Scotland would enjoy.


Has the Northern Ireland Problem been Solved?

July 2008

Latin America’s recent experience shows that effective democratic governance is difficult to achieve and depends on many factors, some of them context-specific. Nonetheless, it is possible to draw some general lessons.


Documents on Democracy, April 2008

April 2008
  • Excerpt from Kosovo's Declaration of Independence from Serbia, which was approved by the Assembly of Kosovo on February 17.
  • Excerpts from U.K. foreign secretary David Miliband's speech, "The Democratic Imperative," presented on February 12 as the Aung San Suu Kyi lecture at St. Hugh's College of Oxford University.
  • The opening paragraphs of the February 28 power-sharing agreement between Kenyan president Mwai Kibaki and opposition leader Raila Odinga, signed after extensive negotiations led by Kofi Annan to end the crisis sparked by the disputed December 27 presidential election.
  • Excerpts from the January 6 statement, "Pakistan's Tipping Point," by Bilawal Bhutto Zardari, Benazir Bhutto's son, who was appointed chairman of the Pakistan Peoples Party after his mother's assassination on December 27.