Twenty Years of Postcommunism: Freedom and the State

January 2010

This is a central problem—perhaps the central problem—for classical liberal theory and its crucial distinction between the state of nature and the civil state. Which is better for liberty: nature or the state?

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Twenty Years of Postcommunism: What's the Matter With Russia?

January 2010

The author analyses the confluence of several elements that helped to set Russia’s course: the influence of history; the challenges of the transformation process itself; the importance of leadership; and the role of the West.

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Democratization by Elections? Postcommunist Ambiguities

July 2009

Since 1996, eight postcommunist authoritarian rulers have been ousted by “electoral revolutions.” Why have these not succeeded in other postcommunist countries?

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Reading Russia: The Wounds of Lost Empire

April 2009

There is no consensus about the nature of the political system in Moscow today. Yet how one understands the motivations propelling Russian policy abroad depends on how one understands its regime at home.

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