Democratization by Elections? Opposition Weakness in Africa

Article
July 2009

Due to weak opposition parties and presidential dominance, many African countries have not reaped the full benefits of regularly held elections.

Democratization by Elections? A Mixed Record

Article
July 2009

Evidence suggests that under some circumstances repeated elections, even if flawed, can lead to democratization.

Kosovo: Independence and Tutelage

Article
April 2009

In February 2008, Kosovo broke away from Serbia and declared its independence. But to what extent is it making progress toward its goals of sovereignty and democracy?

Another Step Forward for Ghana

Article
April 2009

Ghana held its fourth successful elections in late 2008 and subsequently witnessed the peaceful handover of power from ruling party to opposition. The country’s leaders must now reform its institutions of governance.

The Consequences of Democratization

Article
April 2009

For the past few decades, scholars have been focusing on the causes of democratization. It is now time to devote systematic attention to analyzing the costs and benefits that democracy brings.

The 2008 Freedom House Survey: A Third Year of Decline

Article
April 2009

Although 2008 was marked by democratic setbacks as well as authoritarian “pushback” against reformers, democracy remains the only system of government that commands global respect.

Religion and Democracy

Article
April 2009

The secularization hypothesis has failed, and failed spectacularly. We must find a new paradigm to help us understand the complexities of the relationship between religion and democracy.

Democracy Assistance: Political vs. Developmental?

Article
January 2009

Democracy-aid providers are moving away from one-size-fits-all strategies and are adapting their programs to diverse political contexts. Two distinct overall approaches to assisting democracy have emerged in response.

Hong Kong's Democrats Hold Their Own

Article
January 2009

A decade after the handover of their city to China, Hong Kong’s “pandemocrats” remain able to stand their ground at the ballot box.

Debating the Color Revolutions: A Reply to My Critics

Article
January 2009

The color revolutions illustrate both the prevalence of diffusion and the potential limits of its impact on political change.

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