For more than twenty years, the Journal of Democracy has been a leading voice in the conversation about government by consent and its place in the world. The Journal is published for the National Endowment for Democracy by the Johns Hopkins University Press and is available to subscribers through Project MUSE.
When Karl Marx proclaimed in 1848 that “a specter is haunting Europe,” he gave it a name—communism. Today a specter is again haunting Europe, but it does not have so clear an identity. The political tendencies that seem to be threatening liberal democracy in Europe are described by a variety of terms, are found on both the right and left, and are typically anti-establishment, anti-immigrant, anti-globalization, anti-EU, and sometimes openly anti-democratic. Seven essays in the new Journal of Democracy address these developments, including Takis Pappas on the nature of the parties challenging Europe’s liberal-democratic consensus and Ivan Krastev on the unraveling of the post-1989 order.
Also in the new issue are Minxin Pei on China, Mieczysław P. Boduszyński on “Iraq’s Year of Rage,” two essays on the Philippines, and more.
Authoritarianism Goes Global: The Challenge to Democracy
In recent years, as leading authoritarian countries such as China, Iran, Russia, Saudi Arabia, and Venezuela have become emboldened within the global arena, challenging the liberal international political order, the advanced democracies have retreated rather than responding to this threat.
Democracy in Decline?
For almost a decade, Freedom House’s annual survey has highlighted a decline in democracy in most regions of the globe. Some analysts say this shows that the world has entered a "democratic recession." Others dispute that interpretation, emphasizing democracy’s success in maintaining the huge gains it made during the last quarter of the twentieth century.
The Specter Haunting Europe: Distinguishing Liberal Democracy’s Challengers
The Specter Haunting Europe: The Unraveling of the Post-1989 Order